Well we shall soon be adding interesting bloggy stuff here that doesnt fit into our wiki section, or any other section. So stay tuned
|Why Linux Will Always Be The Small Brother To Windows And Mac|
|I wanted to jump on the band
wagon as this subject is getting silly, with stupid made-up articles
from geeks wearing rose tinted glasses who are getting overly excited
over their little linux distro.
I've found two articles listed below, which seem to be to normal for the "We hate Windows" brigade. So I wanted to give an objective opinion.
Firstly why do I think I'm qualified ?
I've ripped them apart and rebuilt them.
What operating systems have I used ?
DOS from 6.22. Windows from 3.11. Linux since 2004.
Basic. This is slightly different depending on which Basic you use. I've even programmed in Basic, which is very basic to what experienced coders use.
I've been using Linux since the first version of Ubuntu in 2004.
I currently have a Ubuntu media server, a laptop dual booting with Win 7 and Manjaro KDE Plasma, and a Desktop PC running Win 10 and Linspire.
My one major pee've with the linux community is the childish crap aimed at Microsoft. You hear comments like Microshaft, M$ and Windoze. The linux community is made up of some seriously clever people who know how to code and make a worldwide OS. Its not just in the same town / country / timezone, its worldwide, so getting a worldwide community to work is a great result.
I used to be on a Linux User Group mailing list, and one of the members said "I had to reinstall windows for my wife, and I hate the fact that there are sooooo many updates".
This is just an amazingly stupid comment to make. I replied to him stating that it must be nice getting no updates / security fixes for linux. This was obviously being sarcastic. I've downloaded a Linux ISO from Distrowatch on the day the version was released, installed it, and then had to install 800 plus updates and security fixes. Which is actually more than the updates currently for windows 7. Go figure that one.
This is the major downside of FOSS. Linux is modular software in a true sense. This is because all the software packages are made by independent coders. A distro will take the software packages from all these sources and compile them for their own distro. So all these packages are being updated at very different speeds.
Heres a senario for you.
At one point network manager was the only utility to manage your network connections, but only wired, wireless was totally shot. Then came along a program called Wicd which finally made connecting to your wireless network possible. Soon a lot of Distros were using Wicd as the default network manager.
Then suddenly the devs who created the original network manager app suddenly got their butts into gear and got network manager working with wireless connections.
Why am I telling you this ? Well. This is hopefully what happenned. The guy who created wicd was at school, or university studying and had his exams coming up. He couldnt dedicate a lot of time to wicd as his school work was more important, obviously, so the software doesnt get updated as quickly as it could.
The problem with FOSS is that its free, which means the coders are out working on full time jobs earning money that pays the bills. They may have partners and / or children who are more important than the software. You need money to pay for your electric to be able to sit at your laptop writing software, but this can happen only after you have earned the money, paid your bills, done the shopping, taken the family out for a fun day, blah blah blah blah.
So FOSS doesnt pay the bills unless you work for Canonical, Red Hat, SUSE or Microsoft. So FOSS software can be majorly behind and outdated. There are too many distros using different versions of a piece of software. This is because they have to test it, repackage it and then put it on their updates servers. But if they are working at a job that pays money, guess which take priority ? A great example of this is Debian, a well respected distro that only releases its stable version when its ready, so a software version may be way behind and outdated. Whereas Ubuntu likes to use unstable cutting edge software.
Another sad fact is that many people use linux NOT because it does what they want, but because they want bragging rights. Even more so if you have actually created your own distro. But take a look at http://distrowatch.com and see all the dormant / discontinued distros. People start a distro and then give up after a couple of months because they see the hard work needed to maintain a distro.
Now lets take a look at the following two articles. After each point I have typed a response within ()
#10 Linux is Free
If you do a clean install, then Windows 10 Home edition costs $119.99. Windows 10 Pro version will be around $199. And why upgrading from Home to Pro costs $99?
In comparison, Linux is totally free of charge. It’s free to download, free to install and free to use. You can install Linux on as many computers as you want. You don’t need to pay a single dime and never have to worry about license or copyright, that kind of stuff. You are actually encouraged to share your OS with other people.
Not only the OS is free, most applications written for Linux is also for free. For instance, you can use the free LibreOffice to edit Word documents, spreadsheet and presentation files. You can use GIMP, which is also free, to edit photos instead of using the expensive Photoshop. What cost a fortune on Windows is absolutely free on Linux.
(Actually, this is slightly misleading. Linux can be downloaded for free from many places, but if you are an organisation that needs technical support and assistance, you are going to have to pay for this, which is the business model that the developers of many Linux distributions, such as Ubuntu, Red Hat and Suse, follow. Nevertheless, several studies have found that Linux typically works out at a lower total cost of ownership than Windows.
If you are not an organisation, you may also have to pay for technical support, but you can often find the answers to any problems from the community of Linux experts on many of the online user forums. But then searching user forums can be time consuming, which could be used doing other stuff, so it does cost you in the end, just not in dollars or pounds. Plus not all linux versions are free, so again misleading. I dont mind bloggers making statements, but they just dont make the statement factually correct.
Also Windows can be downloaded for free and installed for a free period of time, after which you have to buy a license key. The prices stated above are probably from a major high street shop. But go online and google for severely cheap key prices. So technically the prices quoted are misleading and overpriced and the writer hasnt stated the comment correctly, or not done their homework and given a true picture.)
#9 Linux is Secure
Most Linux users don’t install anti-virus software since the OS is very secure out of the box. To this day, there’s no virus that is known to pose a threat to Linux. All that trojan horse virus, worm etc that targets Windows system have no effect to Linux.
Some Linux user do install anti-virus on Linux, but that’s mostly used for checking viruses on Windows partition or USB drive.
(My arguement has always been that the biggest security threat is the stupidity of the end user. You have to understand hackers, scammers and script kiddies and all the spam crap you get. Trust me, Ive learnt from experience. I could spill on for hours, but the above comment is biast and not accurate Plus if linux is that secure, why are there so many security fixes ?)
#8 Linux is Lightweight and Fast
The minimum hardware requirements of Windows 10 is as follows:
1 gigahertz (GHz) or faster processor or SoC
Now let’s look at the hardware requirements of Ubuntu, which is probably the most heavyweight Linux distribution out there.
700 MHz processor
You can see that Ubuntu can run on low-end hardware, not to mention that there’s so many Linux distributions that are more lightweight than Ubuntu. Don’t throw away your old computer, bring it to life with Linux! You can run your computer with Linux for 5 years and it will be just as fast as when it was first installed.
(Again factually incorrect reporting. As said before I have a desktop running win 10. When ever I install a new OS the first things I do is update and then switch off all the fancy crap, spinning cube of kde etc. This person obviously has a hard on for Ubuntu. I also have win 10 running just as fast, if not faster. Some people love showing off all the compiz rubbish, which tells me they dont actually use their computers for any constructive work, but just for posing and bragging rights.)
#7 Linux is Efficient and Robust
Many people say you get what you pay for. But that’s clearly not true when it comes to Linux.
99% of the time, Linux doesn’t require you to reboot computer to update software, edit system settings or something like that. In comparison, every time you install updates on Windows or edit registry table or install device drivers, you have to reboot your computer for the changes to take effect.
The Linux command line is a very efficient tool once you get the hang of it and it’s not that hard to learn command line. You can do things very quickly in the terminal window. For example, enter lscpu command will output many useful information about your CPU. The sudo apt upgrade command will update all software for you. You can install a bunch of software with just a simple line of command.
Linux is a robust operating system. It can run continuously for many years and doesn’t have a problem. You can install Linux on a hard drive of your computer, then move the hard drive to another computer and boot it without problem. Linux is a true multi-user operating system which means you can have many users logged into Linux and use it at the same time.
(Sooooo everytime I install / uninstall software in windows I have to reboot ? OK wish someone had told me that 36 years ago. Another incorrect comment. I also would have liked the user to explain how you can have "many users logged into Linux and use it at the same time" ? I'm currently on my laptop, and dont quite understand how another user can be logged into the same machine and be using it ? Or have they yet again not explained and expanded the comment correctly so that people dont misunderstand what is actually being said.)
#6 Linux is Open Source
This is the beauty of Linux. Open source means every one can download the source code, have a look at it or modify it. This also means you have full control of Linux and there’s no backdoor or spying software on Linux. There’s no mandatory updates in Linux. You update your software when you want to. When you are using a Microsoft product, you are not in control of you computer and you don’t how many spyware are in your OS.
(Another outdated comment. Some updates are VERY mandatory. What if you had a machine that possibily could suffer from the recent x86 and x64 Spectre and Meltdown vulnerabilities ? Would you ignore these ? Only if you were stupid. Security updates are totally different to normal "adding functionallity" updates.)
#5 Linux is Very Customizable
You can customize Linux to do whatever you want to do and let it behave however you want it to behave. If you don’t like a desktop environment, you can always install another one. If you don’t like a Linux distribution, you can always install another distribution. There’s more than 300 actively maintained Linux distributions to choose from such as Debian, Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Elementary OS.
It’s fun and cool to tweak it to your liking. You can even legally build your own version of Linux and distribute it to the world.
(Windows is customizable, if you just bother to google. The linux response would be that linux is more customizable than windows. Probably is. But who wants to get an operating system to then have to pratt about. I use my machines for work, not posing. I do the basic switching crap off and then leave it.)
#4 Linux is Clean and Clutter-free
On Linux, you don’t see advertisement pop out. software on Linux isn’t adware. When you install software on Linux, you don’t have to worry about installing third-party toolbar, plugin or that kind of stuff.
Linux desktop environments such as Unity, Gnome, KDE are designed in a clean way.
(hahahahahaha I just cant get over the stupid comments this person is making, just to justify linux. This could be exactly the same for windows. I dont suffer from spyware, adware or pop ups, and my desktop is still pretty damn clean, I dont have files and folders cluttering my desktop, thats what the "My Documents" folder is for)
You may think that Window is easy to use and Linux is hard to use. But that’s a misconception. Because Windows is widely used and people are already familiar with it, so they think it’s easy and they don’t want to change the status quo by trying a new operating system.
Study have found that many people who have never used a computer before think Ubuntu, which is a user-friendly Linux distribution, is easier than Windows after they are provided with a Ubuntu computer and a Windows computer.
(Think of it this way. Going to linux from windows is like going from a 4x4 automatic vehicle with a v12 2.8 engine to a 5 speed manual 1.4 car thats 8 years old. Obviously you are going to have to relearn. But let me ask you this, why are so many linux distros trying to mimick the windows menu ? Because they know that it would be easier for windows users to use a menu that looks familiar, so obviously its going to be easy, and then they must have asked people who had some savvy computer experience, rather than most home users.
#2 Linux Enables Booting from USB Even if BIOS doesn’t Support it.
Some old computer may only be booted from CD drive or hard drive but doesn’t support booting from USB. In this situation, you can download plop Linux, burn it into a CD, then boot your computer from the CD, and finally plop Linux can enable your computer to boot from USB drive.
(Not quite sure how this is going to be a benefit to the many average home users ? So Im going to assume this comment was just added to make the article slightly longer.)
#1 The Linux Community Provides Plenty of Support
Linux is a community-driven project. When you don’t understand something, you can always go online, ask question in forums, or search your question in Google. Most of the time, your question has already asked by other people and got an answer.
(Scenario. You click on the firefox web browser icon and firefox doesnt run. You go to the forum and post that clicking the icon firefox fails to start, you then sit back and wait for an answer. If you get an answer it would probably be a rude comment. With linux you are expected to have trouble shooted the problem yourself before hand, and listed all the steps you have taken to try and resolve the problem. If you goto a forum and have done nothing to help yourslef then you would get some rude sarcastic comment back. In most cases openning a terminal typing "Firefox" and pressing enter will tell you the problem, probably due to missing dependency. But if it lists a lot of stuff you dont understand then you need to post it. People on a forum dont know what the problem is if you just say clicking an icon does nothing.
From experience I have found the linux support community can be harsh, but then thats the deal with using linux, you are expected to learn, just like you have to learn windows. And Im pretty sure windows has a vast array of support forums too.)
Ahhhh heres the second article which Im going to be commenting on.
In this article, we will take a look at 10 of the compelling reasons why Linux is better than Windows. Some of the points mentioned here are already discussed in our earlier article on why switch to Linux.
1. Open Source Nature
What is it like when you buy a car, but you cannot see what’s under the hood? Similar is the case with when you use a Windows-powered system. However, in contrast, Linux is completely an open source project. You can have a look at the source code of a Linux OS, which is a plus. I know, most people don’t care about this openness of Linux, but to me, this is the most important feature of using GNU/Linux.
(Im a car driver, not a mechanic. Most modern cars are too sophisticated to be messed about with. To me being able to see code that I dont understand is NOT the main reason for using Linux. I use Linux if it works and does what I want. Like a car I know how to do the basics, oil, air, water, petrol and changing flat tyres. I leave the rest to the experts who charge a fortune for their experience.)
Let’s face it; Windows OS is vulnerable to different types of attacks (or hacks). However, Linux is not as vulnerable as Windows. It sure isn’t invulnerable, but it is a lot more secure. Although, there’s no rocket science in it.
It is just the way Linux works that makes it a secure operating system. Overall, the process of package management, the concept of repositories, and a couple more features makes it possible for Linux to be more secure than Windows.
When you have Windows installed, you need to download/purchase an Antivirus program to keep your computer safe from hackers and malware. However, Linux does not require the use of such Anti-Virus programs. Of course, a couple of software tools still exist to help you keep your system free from threats, but it is often unnecessary when you have a Linux system.
Being secure by nature would make things easier for you and save money as well because you will not have to get a premium Antivirus software!
(There are free anti virus packages out there, like commodo, which are just as good as the paid for versions. And I still maintain that there are still security threats lin linux. But seeing as windows has the market share, then this is why windows is targetted. Just see my previous comment about hackers, script kiddies and scammers. Its not about how secure the OS is, its about the stupidity of the end user. No OS is 100 per cent secure.)
3. Can revive older computers
As the operating systems evolve, so do their hardware requirements increase exponentially. For instance, if you purchase a genuine copy of Windows 10, you will have to meet the minimum hardware requirements to run it successfully, and you cannot run it on just about any low-end system.
Nevertheless, with Linux, you could even utilize one of your oldest computer systems to achieve a task. However, that does not mean that every Linux distribution would work with 256 MB of RAM coupled with an outdated processor. However, there are options which you can install on such low-end systems as well (such as Puppy Linux).
So, being an efficient OS, Linux distributions could be fitted to a range of systems (low-end or high-end). In contrast, Windows operating system has a higher hardware requirement.
Overall, even if you compare a high-end Linux system and a high-end Windows-powered system, the Linux distribution would take the edge. Well, that is the reason most of the servers across the world prefer to run on Linux than on a Windows hosting environment.
(Even linux is now dropping 32 bit support / distros. So even older machines will soon no longer be able to run a linux distro. Plus that nice old machine you have, the system will no longer be able to run many of the updates, support will no longer be around, so soon you will be forced to upgrade your old linux distro, just like windows !!!!! Or even better, be forced to use one of those rare distros that still runs on your old machine, with outdated software with security flaws.)
4. Perfect For Programmers
Linux supports almost all of the major programming languages (Python, C/C++, Java, Perl, Ruby, etc.). Moreover, it offers a vast range of applications useful for programming purposes.
The Linux terminal is superior to use over Window’s command line for developers. You would find many libraries developed natively for Linux. Also, a lot of programmers point out that the package manager on Linux helps them get things done easily.
Interestingly, the ability of bash scripting is also one of the most compelling reasons why programmers prefer using Linux OS.
Linux also brings in native support for SSH, which would help you manage your servers quickly. You could include things like apt-get commands which further makes Linux one of the most popular choices of the programmers.
(Rather pointless putting this excuse here. This is only acceptable if you are a prpgrammer.)
5. Software Updates
Microsoft pushes a software update when it receives a set of problems or if something major needs to be fixed. On the other hand, you would observe a software update to address a little problem.
So, with Linux, you will notice more updates to fix the problems you might be facing. You will not only encounter a larger number of software updates, but you will also observe much faster software updates.
(Kind of confusing. At least this person states that linux gets a lot of updates to address problems just like Windows. But what do they mean by faster software updates ? Faster in getting an update out or faster to install ?)
One major advantage of using Linux instead of Windows is customization. If you like tweaking your system’s looks, Linux is just perfect for you.
Apart from installing themes, you have tons of beautiful icon themes. In addition to that, you can use Conky to display system information on the desktop in the coolest way possible. Needless to say that you can do a lot around Wallpapers in Linux.
(Ive already covered this, and it still sounds like a silly comment just to get you to go use linux)
7. Variety Of Distributions
There are no flavors of Windows. Yes, you may have different plans & packages which differ in licensing terms, the period of activation, packaged features, and price.
In contrast, you will find tons of Linux distribution catered for a different set of needs. So, you can choose to install any of the available Linux distros according to your requirements.
For example, there are Linux distributions for hackers, there are Linux distributions for programmers, there are Linux distributions for extremely old computers. There is a Linux for everyone.
(FOSS and the amount of linux distros, different desktops etc have polluted the pond. I believe that good healty competition is good, and FOSS has its place, but guys Linux is taking the %$£" with the amount of whats available. It also creates a headache.)
8. Free to Use
Linux is accessible to the public for free! However, that is not the case with Windows!
You will not have to pay 100-250 USD to get your hands on a genuine copy of a Linux distro (such as Ubuntu, Fedora). So, it is entirely free.
If something is free but useful, it is always the best thing one could expect. With the money you just saved, you can consider enhancing your system (just saying, you can go to Starbucks as well!)
9. Better Community Support
You do not need to hire an expert to solve a problem you are facing on your Linux system. You just need to search for a similar thread on the web for a solution or post a thread to let others solve the problem. Within minutes of posting a thread on any of the Linux forums, you may expect a reply along with a detailed solution which would finally help resolve your problem at no cost!
There are a lot of active Linux users who are always ready to respond to a relevant thread one might have created. The number of community users active on such forums is more than the number of active members on any Windows-focused forum.
However, the community response might vary depending on the Linux distribution being used.
(Again Ive already discussed free support forums, and how you are expected to trouble shoot yourself. Most of these posts must have been copied and pasted from one report to another, just so someone can write a blog about using linux.)
Windows, as we know it, becomes sluggish day after day. You will want to re-install Windows after a while when you encounter crashes or slowdowns on your system.
If you are using Linux, you will not have to worry about re-installing it just to experience a faster and a smoother system. Linux helps your system run smooth for a longer period (in fact, much longer!).
Also, with Windows, you will have to adapt to a habit where you keep on rebooting the system for just about everything.
If you just installed software, reboot!
However, in the case of Linux, you will not have to reboot for the situations mentioned above. You can comfortably continue with your work, and Linux will not bother you.
Another fact that proves Linux to be reliable are the web servers. You could observe that most of the Internet giants like Google and Facebook run on Linux. Even almost all of the supercomputers run on Linux.
So, Why isn’t Windows preferred over Linux? It is because Linux is far more reliable than Windows OS. Period.
(Rebooting windows ? Again taken from the old install / uninstall software bit. The writer hasnt even got his / her facts right)
Microsoft certainly tries to anonymize the data collected from every user. However, it does not look convincing with Microsoft’s latest Windows 10. It has already received an enormous amount of criticism of how it collects data, what it should collect and what it should not.
If you have ever used Windows 10, you could only head into the privacy settings to know that everything is enabled by default. Even if you opt out to send Microsoft information about your data, it is still being collected. Of course, Microsoft will not bother revealing it officially with a press statement, but it surely does. So, you would need a set of tools to disable the spying modules of Windows.
In contrast, Linux would be the perfect solution for a privacy buff. First of all, Linux distributions do not collect much data (or none). Moreover, you will not be needing additional tools to protect your privacy.
|(Another point about Linux
is this little post on distrowatch regarding Korora Linux.
Earlier this year we discussed the Korora team slowing their distribution's release cycle. In the time since then, the Korora project has decided to take a break largely due to a lack of time and resources: "We're not one for many words and so we'll get straight to the point: Korora for the foreseeable future is not going to be able to march in cadence with the Fedora releases. In addition to that, for the immediate future there will be no updates to the Korora distribution. Our team is infinitesimal (currently one developer and two community managers) compared to many other distributions, we don't have the luxury of being able to dedicate the amount of time we would like to spend on the project and still satisfy our real life obligations. So we are taking a little sabbatical to avoid complete burn out and rejuvenate ourselves and our passion for Korora/Fedora and wider open source efforts. What does that mean from here, well the servers will stay up so repos don't break but there will be no updates applied. We can't say how long this break will be, but sincerely hope you have enjoyed your time around here.".
This is a prime example of too many distros starting off as a hobby, then not getting the time, money, resources or other members to be able to maintain a distro when it starts to become big, or be able to make it big. A distro needs a lot of time , money, resources and people to get it mainstream. Like to old adage "You need to speculate to accumulate". Another one is "too many cooks spoil the broth". There are too many different distros, desktops, independent software packages and god knows what else, that pollute the linux pond too much. This is freedon of choice gone too stupid that I now believe it has the reverse effect and is ruining the linux world.)
Linux Desktops - 17 at the moment that I am aware of, see list below. This is compared to the Windows Desktops of 1 ????
list of available / dormant distros